The Making of a quilt in pictures.

The Making of Mitochondrial Roots



I have been making the Life Story series of quilts since
2011, so I suppose it’s natural to want change occasionally and to experiment
and bring in new ideas. Although the series is endless in my mind, and I’m allowing
the methods of work, and the way the individual quilts are painted to evolve. The
original idea was to do about 20 but that restriction has long passed and I
believe that this will be a Life’s Work for me, so they probably won’t all be
in the same style!  

Life 15 marked the first change in direction for the Life
Story Quilts, as every quilt I’d done up to then was created, and to a large
extent limited by, the processes and construction dictated by the technical
capabilities of my sewing machine e.g. I needed to have the stitching in place
before the paint was applied to the cloth, or the needle wouldn’t go through
the layers properly, and the thread would snap.

Having recently bought a new machine able to tackle free
machining through paint, I decided to try Life 15 as a painting directly onto
the cloth first, and then stitch afterwards. This small change gave me a lot of
freedom to play and take risks with the painting style. I began with plain
white cloth, and only a germ of an idea involving tree roots. There was no set story
or image at the beginning of making the quilt, I simply launched in and added
to the ideas as I went along. I found that hard without a frame of reference
for either the story or the image.

Using some sketchbook images of life models for guidance, I
put a pencil outline of a body directly onto the top layer of cloth. I had
already layered up the quilt and was able to paint directly onto the cloth in
monochrome washes rather like

allowing the paint to bleed and also soak
into the layers. I experimented with wetting the fabric before painting in
order to encourage the spread of paint so that it overflowed the drawn lines on
purpose. I loved the ethereal quality of the image. I then started painting
with a fine brush and a slightly heavier wash in order to get the delicate
details and tones of the body. 

I built up all 3 female forms in this way, gradually adding
more and more layers and details but keeping to a monochrome black and white
palette. I then decided that I would add some trees and some minimal
colour for the
background of alizarin crimson mixed with black. The sky area was painted a
very pale cerulean blue with some green for the foliage. I started to stitch
the trees and the bodies, losing some of the lovely blurred edges in the
process. A line of stitch is so definite!

My thoughts about the purpose of the quilt also began to
distill, and I started to research mitochondrial


Most of us have heard of male primogeniture; that prejudice
which existed in law for centuries, and meant that the first male child had the
right in Common Law to inherit an estate to the exclusion of females from the
same family. The hardships caused by lack of a right of inheritance must surely
have had a devastating effect on women lives and the way they were treated,
often meaning they were at best chattels, and at worst slaves. Although cases
of hardship were less likely, inheritance law applied to the Royal family, and
was only amended for them in 2013. 

However, Mitochondrial DNA was discovered in the 1960s by
Margit M. K. Nass and Sylvan Nass by electron microscopy. It’s enabled humans
to connect the maternal lines of living people in different parts of the world,
solving lots of riddles such as why Polynesians could trace their ancestry to South
East Asia and not the Americas. In fact everyone alive today – including you –
can trace your lineage back to one woman, Mitochondrial Eve, who lived in
Africa about 200,000 years ago.

My view for Life 15, Mitochondrial Roots is that, to keep
it in the family, we should perhaps have had female
primogeniture not male! I stitched the following words onto the large tree on the
left hand side:

No matter what colour our skin is, or our language, or our culture, we all share
ancestors from the people who built Stonehenge, or who rode with Genghis Khan,
or set sail across the oceans in canoes, or who planted papyrus on the banks of
the Nile. Everyone alive today can trace their lineage back over 2 hundred
thousand years to one woman, Mitochondrial Eve.

the stitching of the text on the tree had been finished, I began to loosely
paint in tree roots all over the cloth, using a brush and light wash so that
the models looked like they were lying in amongst them, sitting on them, or
emerging from them. The idea was to immerse the bodies in the roots and tangle
them into a mass so they became connected and flowing. When all the painting
was finished I began to stitch the names of all the women I could think of who
played a part – good or bad – in our history. It was quite hard to find female
names in the history books, not because they didn’t exist of course, or have a
role to play, but because they weren’t recorded. 
List of names below.

More images showing the process 












Names on the quilt

Artimisia Gentileschi,
Catalina de Erauso, Catherine de Medici, Flora Sandes, Judith Leyster, Laura
Bassi, Lucrezia Borgia, Madam de Staet, Maria Montessori, Maria Theresa,
Properzia Ross, Mary Queen of Scots, Barbara Hepworth, Indira Gandhi, George
Eliot, Lady Jane Grey, Jenny Joseph, Wendy Cope Anne Bronte, Sappho, Clepatra,
Hildegard of Bingen, Eleanor of Aquitaine, Joan of Arc, Mirabai, Elizabeth 1,
Catherine the Great, Margaret Fuller, Harriet Beecher Stowe, Elizabeth Cady
Stanton, Florence Nightingale, Susan B Anthony, Emily Dickinson, Marie Curie,
Emily Murphy, Helen Keller, Annie Besant, Simone de Beauvioir, Mother Teresa,
Mary Wollstonecraft, Mary Seacole, Rosalind Franklin, Jocelyn Bell Burnett,
Esther Lederberg, Chien-Shiung Wu, Lise Meitner, Nettie Stevens, Emmeline
Pankhurst, Boudicca, Nancy Astor, Dorothy Hodgkin,Millicent Fawcett, Billie
Holiday, Eva Peron, Betty Friedon, Marie Stopes, Anne Frank, Germaine Greer,
Wangari Maathai, Shirin Ebadi, Malala Yousafzai, Marie Antoinette, Amelia
Earhart, Amy Johnson, Aung San Suu Kyi, Emily Bronte, Elizabeth Garrett
Anderson, Caroline Norton, Elizabeth Gaskell, Virginia Woolf, Edith
Cavell,Elsie Inglis, Ellen Isabel Jones, Grace Kimmins, Lady Constance Lytton,
Christabel Pankhurst, Sylvia Pankhurst, Queen Isabella of Spain, Pocahontas,
Frances E Willard, Lucy Stone, Dorothea Dix, Sojourner Truth, Edith Cavell,
Virginia Apgar, Christine de Pizan, Hrotsvitha, Theodora, Maria Agnesi, Mary
Anning, Florence Merriam Bailey,Laura Maria Caterina Bassi, Ruth Benedit,
Elizabeth Gaskell, Elizabeth Blackwell, Annie Jump Cannon, Emilie du Chatelet,
Cleopatra the Alchemist, Gerty T Cori, Eva Crane, Artemesia, Gertrude Bell
Elion, Alice Evans, Sophie Germain, Maria Geoppert-Mayor, Elena Conrnaro
Piscopia, Mary Fairfax Somerville, Ada Lovelace, Sofia Kovalevskaya, Alicia
Stott, Amalie Emmy Noether, Anna Maria Von Schurman, Anne of Austria, Tanni
Grey Thompson, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Naomi Anderson, Annie Arniel, Gertrude
Ansell, Olympe de Gouge, Mary Sophie Allen, Louisa Garrett Anderson, Frances
Balfour, Mary Gawthorpe, Lydia Becker, Ethel Bentham, Teresa Billington Greig,
Margaret Bondfield, Mary Crudelius, Emily Davison, Nellie Hall, Mrs Beeton,
Rosa Parks, lady Caroline Lamb, Irene Sendler, Elizabeth Eames, Juliaaa Bentle
Alexandra Kollantai, Abigail Adams, Dudora Welty, Ada Lovelace, Margaret
Macdonald, Queen Victoria, Mrs Siddons.